You see it on menus all of the time. But did you ever wonder what exactly is Espelette Pepper? It's a special chili powder, from the Basque region of France, prized by professional chefs. It has a lovely, light, orange-red hue and a mild chili kick acceptable to French palates. It often replaces pepper in the Basque braised vegetable dish known as Piperade or in Poulet Basquaise. Espelette Pepper adds a unique spicy kick to fried eggs or home-fries and is excellent in vinaigrettes with sherry vinegar and extra virgin olive oil.